Chapter 20 – Psalms

OBJECTIVES:

Upon completion of this chapter you will be able to:

  • Name the author of the book of Psalms.
  • Identify to whom the book of Psalms was written.
  • State the purpose for the book of Psalms.
  • Write, from memory, the Key Verse of the book of Psalms.
  • State the Life and Ministry Principle for the book of Psalms.

INTRODUCTION

AUTHOR: All the Psalms were written by King David with the exception of the following:

-Asaph: 50; 73-83
-Heman: 88
-Ethan: 89
-Solomon: 127
-Moses: 90
-Hezekiah: 120, 121,123,125, 126, 128-130, 132, 134
-Author Unknown: 1, 10, 33, 43, 66, 67, 71, 911-94, 96-100, 102, 104, 106, 107, 111-
119, 135, 136, 137, 146-150

TO WHOM: Israel, but the book has been used for devotion, prayer, and praise by believers down through the centuries.

PURPOSE: The book of Psalms was known as the hymn book of Israel. The word “Psalms” means “songs to the accompaniment of a stringed instrument.” It is the prayer and praise book of the Bible.
KEY VERSE: Psalm 95:1
LIFE AND MINISTRY PRINCIPLE: Prayer, praise, intercession, and confession are all part of true worship.

MAIN CHARACTERS: There are several people mentioned in Psalms, either in the Psalm itself or in the title of the Psalm:

-Abimelech (Achish): I Samuel 21:10-15
-Absalom: I Samuel 13
-Ahimelech: I Samuel 22:9-19
-Aram-naharaim: Armeans of northwest Mesopotamia
-Aram-zobath: Armeans of central Syria
-Asaph: Levite, family of singers: II Chronicles 5:12
-Bath-sheba: II Samuel ll
-Cush the Benjamite (Shimel): II Samuel 16:5-14
-Doeg the Edomite: I Samuel 22:9-23
-Ethan the Ezrahite (A wise man in Solomon’s time): I Kings 4:31
-Heman the Ezrahite (Levite family of singers): II Chronicles 5:12
-Jeduthun (Chief musician in the temple): I Chronicles 16:41-42
-Korah (Levite, head of the temple musicians):I Chronicles 6:22
-Nathan (Prophet of God): II Samuel 12:1-14
-Sons of Korah (Musical Levite family): I Chronicles 6:22
-Ziphites: I Samuel 23:19

Read over the chapter study material and complete the self-test at the end. After this chapter is completed, mark complete and go to the next lesson.